Tag Archives: cognition

Aristotle’s Cognitive Science: Belief, Affect and Rationality

I offer a novel interpretation of Aristotle’s psychology and notion of rationality, which draws the line between animal and specifically human cognition. Aristotle distinguishes belief (doxa), a form of rational cognition, from imagining (phantasia), which is shared with non-rational animals. … Continue reading

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Ethical Know-how-Action, Wisdom and Cognition

How can science be brought to connect with experience? This book by Francisco J. Varela addresses two of the most challenging problems facing contemporary neurobiology and cognitive science: first, understanding how we unconsciously execute habitual actions as a result of … Continue reading

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Wittgenstein and not-just-in-the-head Cognition

Wittgenstein’s later writings criticize the idea that the mind is an intrinsically representational device. More or less clearly apprehending certain limitations of identifying all aspects of cognition with ‘internal representation’, certain theorists in a variety of disciplines have mostly independently … Continue reading

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Humberto Maturana’s view on the theory of evolution. From autopoiesis to natural drift metaphor

Today in the scientific circle Humberto Maturana is considered the creator of the so-called Santiago School of Biology (also known as Biology of Cognition). Biology of Cognition is a research programme seeking an explanation of the phenomenon of cognitive functions … Continue reading

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Thinking through Virtual Reality: Place, Non-Place and Situated Cognition

Critics and researchers apply various criteria to evaluate the efficacy of VR, including the conformity of VR environments to the character of place. I wish to add a further test: do VR environments enable thought? The paper thus applies to … Continue reading

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Autopoiesis and Cognition

This article revisits the concept of autopoiesis and examines its relation to cognition and life. We present a mathematical model of a 3D tesselation automaton, considered as a minimal example of autopoiesis. This leads us to a thesis T1: “An … Continue reading

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Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living

What makes a living system a living system? What kind of biological phenomenon is the phenomenon of cognition? These two questions have been frequently considered, but, in this volume, the authors, Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela, consider them as concrete … Continue reading

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Autopoiesis, Structural Coupling and Cognition: A history of these and other notions in the biology of cognition

My intent in this essay is to reflect on the history of some biological notions such as autopoiesis, structural coupling, and cognition, that I have developed since the early 1960’s as a result of my work on visual perception and … Continue reading

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Cognition and communication at work

This book brings together contributions from researchers within various social science disciplines who seek to redefine the methods and topics that constitute the study of work. They investigate work activity in ways that do not reduce it to a “psychology” … Continue reading

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Cognition in practice: mind, mathematics, and culture in everyday life

Most previous research on human cognition has focused on problem-solving, and has confined its investigations to the laboratory. As a result, it has been difficult to account for complex mental processes and their place in culture and history. In this … Continue reading

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