Tag Archives: cognition

Evolution, Rationality, and Cognition: A Cognitive Science

Evolution, Rationality, and Cognition: A Cognitive Science for the Twenty-First Century is a fine collection of essays edited by António Zilhão. Most of the essays are written by prominent philosophers of biology and psychology, while a roboticist, Inman Harvey, and … Continue reading

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Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy

This collection of 22 papers focuses on ethical issues arising from cognitive disability. The authors are nearly all philosophers, though there are a few contributions from people in other fields. The papers are based on talks given at a 2008 … Continue reading

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Philosophical aesthetics and cognitive science

Philosophical aesthetics is the branch of philosophy which explores issues having to do with art, beauty, and related phenomena. Philosophers have often been skeptical about the place of empirical investigation in aesthetics. However, in recent years many philosophical aestheticians have … Continue reading

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Aristotle’s Cognitive Science: Belief, Affect and Rationality

I offer a novel interpretation of Aristotle’s psychology and notion of rationality, which draws the line between animal and specifically human cognition. Aristotle distinguishes belief (doxa), a form of rational cognition, from imagining (phantasia), which is shared with non-rational animals. … Continue reading

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Ethical Know-how-Action, Wisdom and Cognition

How can science be brought to connect with experience? This book by Francisco J. Varela addresses two of the most challenging problems facing contemporary neurobiology and cognitive science: first, understanding how we unconsciously execute habitual actions as a result of … Continue reading

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Wittgenstein and not-just-in-the-head Cognition

Wittgenstein’s later writings criticize the idea that the mind is an intrinsically representational device. More or less clearly apprehending certain limitations of identifying all aspects of cognition with ‘internal representation’, certain theorists in a variety of disciplines have mostly independently … Continue reading

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Humberto Maturana’s view on the theory of evolution. From autopoiesis to natural drift metaphor

Today in the scientific circle Humberto Maturana is considered the creator of the so-called Santiago School of Biology (also known as Biology of Cognition). Biology of Cognition is a research programme seeking an explanation of the phenomenon of cognitive functions … Continue reading

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Thinking through Virtual Reality: Place, Non-Place and Situated Cognition

Critics and researchers apply various criteria to evaluate the efficacy of VR, including the conformity of VR environments to the character of place. I wish to add a further test: do VR environments enable thought? The paper thus applies to … Continue reading

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Autopoiesis and Cognition

This article revisits the concept of autopoiesis and examines its relation to cognition and life. We present a mathematical model of a 3D tesselation automaton, considered as a minimal example of autopoiesis. This leads us to a thesis T1: “An … Continue reading

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Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living

What makes a living system a living system? What kind of biological phenomenon is the phenomenon of cognition? These two questions have been frequently considered, but, in this volume, the authors, Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela, consider them as concrete … Continue reading

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